What are the Processes Involving Metal Fabrication
The process involving cutting, bending and assembling of metals into different shapes and sizes is called metal fabrication. Generally, this job is done with the use of different specialized tools and processes like welding and forming in a fabrication and machine shop.
Fabrication methods can also be specialized and these are brazing, shearing, forming, extrusion, forging, heat treatment, powder coating, casting, spinning, and chipping, just to mention a few. Some forms of specialization which are of higher level are named to be electrical, machine design, and hydraulics.
There are many raw materials that are used in metal fabrication, and to mention, these are plate metal, formed metal, tube stock, square stock, welding wire, castings, hardware and fittings. The various stages that comprise the metal fabrication process are cutting and burning, forming, machining, welding and final assembly.
Metal fabrication processes are used to manufacture different machines and structures. Sheet metal and stainless steel are the popular choices of raw materials for metal fabrication, and these are used to produce different consumer and industrial products like loose parts, building frames for structures and machines.
Sheet metal fabrication involves forming the metal into thin and flat pieces called sheet metal, and these can be in different gauges or thicknesses, and then cut and bent into various shapes and sizes.
Other than producing the sheet metal in flat pieces, it can also be produced in coiled strips from various metals, like aluminum, brass, copper, steel, tin, nickel and titanium. In decorative purposes, the use of gold, silver, and platinum are utilized for the purpose.
The bodies of cars, wings of airplane, materials for buildings and equipment for food processing and others would use sheet metal fabrication.
Stainless steel is a very strong material that contains amounts of iron, chromium and other elements, making it resistance to corrosion, staining and thus has a very low maintenance. In some purposes, stainless steel is used for its complete recyclable property.
Depending on where you want to use the stainless steel, you can choose from its different grades and surface finishes, like brushed, satin, mirror and abrasive finishes.
Out of the very intensive process of metal fabrication would result to the production of several industrial and consumer products. Among the main applications of metal fabrication, manufacturing makes use of the sheet metal fabrication and stainless steel fabrication that we can now use in our daily lives.
As metal fabrication come to its final stage after the cutting, joining, and welding are done, the metals are applied with protective coatings like powder coating or sandblasting, depending on your purpose and budget.